early indian Sites


Major Rock Art





Major Pre-


         Spanish Sites



The Black Range

The Mimbres Culture

The Mimbres Culture (a group within the Mogollon Culture) produced incredibly beautiful pottery.  The Mogollon Culture (from about 1900 years ago to about 500 years ago) is one of four primary cultural divisions which existed in the southwest during the prehistoric period.  The Mimbres Culture is best known from the period of 825 - 1130 AD.  The Mimbres are the prehistoric culture of the Black Range.  The Deming Luna Mimbres Museum, in Deming, New Mexico, has an excellent exhibit of Mimbres pottery - many of their pots are shown in our Mimbres Pottery Photo Gallery.

The Rock Art of New Mexico

The Rock Art of the pre-Columbian peoples are found throughout the state.  Unfortunately these art sites are often the target of looters and vandals.  Some of the more spectacular, and generally protected, sites are:

Petroglyph National Monument is located outside of Albuquerque, New Mexico. (Photo Gallery)

Three Rivers Petroglyph Site is located in southern New Mexico, 28 miles south of Carrizozo.   There are more than 21,000 petroglyphs created by the Jornada Mogollon people between 900 and 1400 AD on the hill side at this location. (Photo Gallery)

Hueco Tanks State Park is located 32 miles northeast of El Paso, Texas.  There are over 3,000 pictographs at the park, they range in age from the Archaic period (6,000 BC to 450 AD) to the 1800’s. (Photo Gallery)

The Pony Hills site northeast of Deming is a beautiful site along a ridge across the valley, below Massacre Peak is The Frying Pan Canyon Site.  (Photo Gallery)

Pre-columbian sites

The cultural sites of New Mexico can be lumped into the following general categories:  Sites which are typical of the pre-Columbian cultures; Mixed sites which exhibit both pre-Columbian and Spanish heritage; Spanish and/or Mexican sites; and Anglo sites.

Some of the major pre-Columbian sites in New Mexico are:

Bandelier National Monument located northeast of Albuquerque. (Photo Gallery)

Chaco Culture National Historical Park located in the the northwest part of the state, north of Interstate 40. (Photo Gallery)

Aztec Ruins National Monument located in the northwest part of the state near the border with Colorado. (Photo Gallery)

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument located in the southwest part of the state north of Silver City and west of the Black Range. (Photo Gallery)

Ojo Caliente (video in the Places and Events in the Black Range Video Portfolio) is considered their point of origin by the Warm Springs Band of the Chiricahua Apache. (Photo Gallery)

Paquimé (or Casas Grandes) is a major Mogollon site located in northwestern Chihuahua.  It was inhabited between about 1100 and 1450 CE. (Photo Gallery)

Sites which are Both Pre-columbian and Spanish in Heritage

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument near Mountainair. (Photo Gallery)

Like Salinas the Cicuye Pueblo - Pecos Mission site near Santa Fe has a mixed heritage.  It is here that Coronado heard about the great riches to the east and headed out to Kansas to find them.  (Photo gallery)

A number of the Native American Pueblos.  For example Acoma Pueblo just south of Interstate 40, in the northwest quadrant of the state.

Spanish AND/OR ANGLO in Heritage

Barrio de Analco Historic District in Santa Fe.

Mesilla Plaza in Mesilla near Las Cruces.


The Mimbres and Others



  1. BulletWikipedia

  2. BulletMimbres Culture Heritage Site

  3. BulletAncestral Art

  4. BulletLogan Museum of Anthropology

  5. BulletArcheology Southwest

  6. BulletSmithsonian

  7. BulletMimbrenos

Gila Cliff Dwellings
Salinas Pueblo Missions
Chaco Culture
La Hacienda de Los Martinez
Pecos Pueblo

links ARE in Yellow